Friday, June 26, 2020

Slavery in Colonial America - Free Essay Example

Slavery has been a significant issue in the United States from the colonial period to date as its legacy still lingers within the American civilizations. Slavery played a critical role in the development of the American economy especially during the colonial period. The white colonialists used blacks as slaves especially in their farms to provide labor (Blum 302). For instance, the Chesapeake tobacco industries thrived on the unbearable acts of slavery. Since the Chesapeake colonies in Maryland and Virginia were occupied during the earlier stages of the 17th century, it seemed hard to live for the colonists who arrived there first as they had a scarcity of labor as well as were continuously attacked by the Native Americans (Charlton 44). The efforts to use the Native Americans as slavery by the colonists failed to prompt them to start importing slaves from South America with the hope of staying longer and be more controllable to manage (Blum 310). Slave development in the colonial period subjected and forced the blacks to work denying them their rights but has been of significance as it shaped the American society socially, politically and economically as portrayed by its legacies today. Experience of Slavery in American Society In the 17th century, white colonists purchased and sold the labor of both white and black servants. However, afterward, the enslaving of African Americans became more financially feasible as compared to dealing with whites as their terms of service was short (5-7 years) leading to phasing out of the white slavery (Oast 868). With the system proving to be profitable, the law and legal model started to leave the future administrations freedom to prioritize the economy over morality. Grant (159) asserts that African slaves were subjected to hard labor for long periods in the plantation fields, misery and poor working conditions by their slave masters. Besides, they were denied fundamental human rights and were exposed to mandatory punishments. Moreover, the existing law provided that slaves should be made poor therefore their pay was not sufficient to enable them to live a decent life (Blum 315). However, during the foundation of America after independence, the founding fathers did not include slavery in the American Constitution. This omission resulted in the continuity of oppression and segregation even after independence. This prompted to the start of the Civil War because the white Americans unfairly treated the Black Americans especially at places of work (Grant 160). A good example is the introduction of the Jim Crow laws which were based on discrimination and segregation of the blacks. However, through the struggles especially through demonstrations regarding the fight for justice and equality, several amendments have been made to the American Constitution regarding the rights of the black Americans within the United States (Charlton 49). These amendments, however, have recognized the Black Americans as well as freed them to take part in some of the national activities that they were initially denied. For instance, Black Americans were not entitled to view or participate in elections, but currently, they have a right to vote like other Americans. However, despite these advancements, the legacies regarding slavery are still in existence within the American civilizations (Oast 876). The Legacy of Slavery in America Despite the official abolishment of slavery in 1865 by the 13th Amendment in all American states, it took more than six decades for the African Americans to enjoy the same treatment as the whites as they were suffering unfairly and often subjected to hostility in public places especially in education (Berlin 1253). The 13th Amendment did not stop slavery as it turned out into terrorism and violence for decades and lynching of the black people and people of color. For instance, Myers (201) claims that a large number of individuals were brutalized and even burnt alive in courthouse squares. Even during the Civil Rights period, Africans were denied the right to participate in elections due to their color while the African kids would not school with white kids in same institutions due their being black. Besides, the millions of black Americans were denied compensation of their descendants exploitation and subjugation. This led to a massive wealth gap between white and black Americans (Lo ury 38). Moreover, Coates (56) asserts that the existence of some of the harsh treatment of blacks in the United States demonstrates the legacy of slavery in the country. For instance, the statements from the political leaders within the United States have been showing these legacies meaning that slavery is still within the American society and thus, the majority of the black Americans are not yet free from segregation and slavery. For example, the policy to separate children by the current US President Trump and families is a clear indication of Americas legacy of slavery (Berlin 1264). Conclusion To sum up, the Slave development in the colonial period subjected and forced the blacks to work denying them their rights but has been of significance as it shaped the American society socially, politically and economically as portrayed by its legacies today. However, despite the implementation of various amendments especially the 13th Amendment that abolished slavery, the act is still within the United States as it is portrayed by its leaders as well as treatment of the blacks in America thus revealing its legacy.

Monday, May 25, 2020

The E-Commerce Industry in China Free Essay Example, 2250 words

Improvement in economic a piece of a nation's surroundings could have huge effects on the Small and Medium Enterprises and their exercises. These variables incorporate the aggregate GNP pattern, GDP for every head, exchange rate, inflation rate, natural energy and crude materials accessibility and expense, work level, interest or premium rate, fiscal and monetary policies, policies of the bank and many more. To recognize the social and cultural factor of China includes close categorization of the general public. Demographic changes, for example, growth of population, developments and age circulation will be vital and cultural qualities and social patterns, for example, family size and social practices. The quick economic development, there are developing individuals having the Internet get to and utilize the internet for purchasing online. Numerous individuals represent themselves as Taobaoer by using Taobao, the biggest B2c e-business site. China's 420 million users of the Internet use approximately billion of hours every day online a year ago, 185 million prepared no less than one online buy. As indicated by Boston Consulting (BCG), the amount is anticipated to build four times as bigger by 2015.We will write a custom essay sample on The E-Commerce Industry in China or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page

Monday, May 18, 2020

Math - 670 Words

Associate Level Material Appendix A: U.S Health Care Timeline Use the following timeline or create a timeline of your own with eight major events, including the four provided below, from the last 50 years. You may change the dates in the box to match the dates of your events. Include the following in your timeline: Medicare and Medicaid HIPAA of 1996 State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) Prospective Payment System (PPS) 1955 | In 1955 the then Indian Health Services took a new shape as it was taken away from Department of Interior. It was handed over to H.H.S. I learned from that in the past tribal Indians had to submit their land to get health services from US government. The Indian population could get†¦show more content†¦It offers a unique characteristic that safeguards health information of patients. People with earlier health conditions may be allowed to change their plans and still maybe allowed to get services. Some limitations will be at work.State Children’s Health Insurance Program (SCHIP) was enacted on August 5, 1997 by president Bill Clinton. It is both federal and state funded. When low income people fail to get private insurance plans while they cannot qualify for Medicaid for going beyond the income limit, they can go for this program. This program comes with more quality services than that of Medicaid. Families may choose to go for submitting monthly fee at small amounts. However, a child with a private insurance plan cannot go for this program. In this case, she has to stay without any | 2001 | In 2001 the Center for Medicare and Medicaid took charge of the Health Care Financing Administration. A person can go on with SSI for 2 years if he/she fails to meet the requirements for Medicare for the time being. The person should be eligible for Social Security Disability in this case. For some particular disease Medicare may be offered without any delay | 2010 | President Obama enacted the Affordable Care Act on March 23 2010. The objective of this law was to reform related to insurance to go on for four years and more regarding the comprehensive aspect of reform. This law hasShow MoreRelatedMath Analysis : Math And Math Essay975 Words   |  4 Pagestaught math about 10 years, covering grades 5 – 8, I have witness on many occasions that girls stress more about completing math work and math testing than boys. One theory that prom pted my research is math assessment performance related to gender, male and female achievement in mathematics. At the elementary school level it is important to know basic math skills because math understanding and ability builds upon if itself. Questions like, Are male and female student evenly matched in math abilityRead MoreMath Anxiety And Math Motivation1555 Words   |  7 Pagesstudy that tested the effects of math anxiety and math motivation on the level of math learning that an individual is capable of. The main discovery of their research showed that young adolescent twins and adult college students showed inverted U-relations between math anxiety and math performance when subjects had high intrinsic math motivation (Wang et al. 2015). There were negative associations between math anxiety and math performance when they had low intrinsic math motivation (Wang et al. 2015)Read MoreMath : My Math Test731 Words   |  3 PagesMath has never been the easiest thing in the world for me. I have taken all of the core math classes, and an extra math during my senior year. During this class, I took one Placement math pretest and tried my best to show all of my work and give it my all. We were assigned to do 25 questions, and while some I did not understand, I felt confident with most of them. I did not study before the test or even review any of the material that was present that I learned several years ago. Yet, I felt likeRead MoreMath And Medicine : Math, Medicine1034 Words   |  5 Pages Math and Medicine What some of us don’t know is that math has a lot to do with everything we do, it is essential to our daily life. We use mathematics every day from buying a car, or the amount of pie to make for thanksgiving depending on how many family members coming. All of these basic things contributes to how we use math daily. Some of us don’t realize the importance of math, and how it’s a necessity that helps us more than we know. When it comes to people that are trying to lose weightRead MoreMath1010 Words   |  5 Pages | |Paper and pencils for students | |Math handbook | |Chart Read MoreMaths1749 Words   |  7 Pages(Lancashire County Council,2010;DfES,2006)to develop high-quality mathematical dialogue; which elevates children’s skills of reasoning , the teacher holds a pivotal role and has a ‘significant impact on the quality of communication and reasoning within maths’ (DfES,2010.p3) Saljo and Wyndham (1997) argue that reasoning activities allow children to ‘go beyond rote learning and mechanical exercises to apply their knowledge of realistic problem situations’ (p361). This is apparent when children are askedRead MoreGraduation Speech : Math And Math997 Words   |  4 PagesOften, when people ask me about my major they make a face at my response. Math. Why on earth would anyone ever want to study math? Their response, however doesn t discourage me. Rather, it encourages me to work harder at understanding math so that one day I can teach it in such a way that others understand. I was homeschooled until the second half of my sophomore year. I can clearly remember my freshman year sitting at the kitchen table attempting to understand what my mother called a simple conceptRead MoreBasic Math Facts On Math2643 Words   |  11 PagesMichalczuk‟s (2007) understood basic math facts to be an important skill for students to succeed in math. Michalczu k (2007) generalized students who could answer single-digit, 0 – 9, multiplication problems (2 times 3, or 5 times 7, etc.) â€Å"Within three seconds will do well at math and those that answer in less than one second will do excellent at math† (p. 1). Perso (2007) has defined the â€Å"looking back-to-basics† as a need to teach and focus on the basic arithmetic skills needed as a skill for higherRead MoreMath Survey Paper In Math1580 Words   |  7 PagesFor our Honors Math fall final this year we were assigned a task to collect 100 pieces of data from a survey question of our choice. With that question we surveyed 100 students from the same population. After collecting the responses we input the data into a spreadsheet to find the frequencies for each answer given. With those frequencies we then found the mean, median, mode, range, quartile 1, quartile 2, quartile 3, the interquartile range, maximum, minimum, outliers, standard deviation, and aRead MoreMath30 46 Words   |  13 Pages| Domain | Range | y=ln-4x+47-3 | -2.899538≠¤x≠¤11.5 | -3≠¤y≠¤1 | y=-ln-4x+47-3 | -2.899538≠¤x≠¤11.5 | -7≠¤y≠¤-3 | x=-2.899531 | | -7≠¤y≠¤1 | References - Used for KAP 3 New Q Maths by R. Brodie and S. Swift P258 – Mark 44 post #5 – â€Å"Here’s why†¦Ã¢â‚¬  – used for MAPS 3 and 4 TO DO Re-do graphs - maps 2, 3, 4 Label graphs - maps 3 Printing money

Friday, May 15, 2020

Pros Of Rural, Suburban, And Urban Public Schools

Pros and Cons of Pros of Rural, Suburban, and Urban Public Schools. I. Introduction. A. As one looks at different locations of public schools, whether it be rural, suburban, or urban, one can find many pros and cons of each. This research will focus on one specific pro and con of each school. B. Rural schools while receive less funding than other schools are able to give their students more one on one attention. C. Suburban schools experience more educational gaps among racial groups, but make up for it by D. Urban schools face more structural difficulties than other schools, but are able to offer a more diverse environment to help their students be better prepared for their transition into college. E. Every school has their pro†¦show more content†¦III. Pros of Rural public schools A. Rural public schools are able to implement individualized instruction programs to their schools, which allow students to have more one on one attention from their teacher. B. Steiner (1971) discovered that individualized instruction will help the students because, Students will have a new relationship with teachers. The teacher will become a helper, friend and counselor rather than a threat (p. 372). C. Individualized instruction will not only benefit the student that it will also benefit the teacher because, Teachers will acquire new skills; they will learn to diagnose, to help students learn how to learn, to take the student where he is and to teach him (Steiner, F., 1971, p. 372). D. Rural public schools has a lot to offer with it s technique of teaching despite their lack of funding. Suburban public schools, like rural, have their own set of unique pros and cons. IV. Cons of suburban A. Students in suburban public schools see racial educational problems compared to other schools. B. A study was conducted at Lakeside High and discovered racial break in their school system. Diamond (2006) found that at Lakeside High African American students received, lower GPAs, do not perform as well on standardized tests, and are less likely to be found in honors and advanced placement (AP) classes (p. 498). C. Diamond s (2006) study also discovered that African Americans at Lakeside did not score as high on the ACTShow MoreRelatedDifference Between Gsas And School Level Characteristics1866 Words   |  8 Pagesnull hypotheses. A basic research question is: There is a relationship between GSAs and school-level characteristics. The null hypothesis is: There is no relationship between GSAs and school level characteristics. Another basic research question is: There is a relationship between schools in each state with GSAs and state level characteristics. The null hypothesis is: There is no relationship between schools in each state with GSAs and state level characteristics. 2. Identify all of the majorRead MoreRelationship Between Gsas And School Level Characteristics1894 Words   |  8 Pagesnull hypotheses. A basic research question is: There is a relationship between GSAs and school-level characteristics. The null hypothesis is: There is no relationship between GSAs and school level characteristics. Another basic research question is: There is a relationship between schools in each state with GSAs and state level characteristics. The null hypothesis is: There is no relationship between schools in each state with GSAs and state level characteristics. 2. Identify all of the majorRead MoreEssay on Domestic Violence in Rural Areas2224 Words   |  9 Pagesrelationship. Multitudes of reasons exist that are extremely complex. The book Rural Women Battering and the Justice System (Websdale, 1998) offers several reasons why women stay in an abusive relationship including but not limited to isolation, fear, economics, and negligent criminal justice systems. While these fears are universal among women, women in rural areas seem to be at greater disadvantages than women in urban and suburban communities in terms of getting away from their perpetrators or receivingRead MorePros and Cons of Online High School Classes1736 Words   |  7 PagesPros and Cons of Online High School Classes Introduction to Educational Technology EME 2040 Char Fosmoe Florida State College of Jacksonville August 20, 2011 Abstract Online courses in high school are causing much debate. Although many people are bucking the trend, those who have willingly taken online courses have found there are many benefits. However, with the integration of any new technology brings new concerns that need addressing. Although online courses may not be for everyoneRead MoreUrban Sprawl Essay3380 Words   |  14 Pagesemerging issue is that of urban sprawl. While some aspects of urban sprawl has been seen since ancient times, this phenomenon has started gaining the most momentum in the past century, aided by the advancement of technology, especially with the rise of mass produced automobiles, houses and highway systems. Many people unknowingly contribute to this environmental problem, as is the nature of it. Urban sprawl deals with the growth of the suburbs, the area between the urban and rural areas of a city. MostRead MoreProblem Solution Essay1641 Words   |  7 PagesVIOLENCE IN AMERICAN SCHOOLS There are approximately 27,900 gangs, with 774,000 members, impacting towns, cities, and communities across the United States. According to a recent bulletin released by the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, 23 percent of students aged 12 through 18 years reported presence of street gangs in their schools. Almost half (46%) of students in public schools reported street gang presence. In addition, 21 percent of students in suburban schools and 15 percentRead More Preparing Teachers for Certification Essay3221 Words   |  13 Pagestheir master’s degree and others are offering monetary incentive to do so. â€Å"Twenty states require either a masters or graduate course work for teachers by the end of their first few years on the job, up from only a few states a decade ago. Nearly all school districts give a salary bump for the masters credential.† (Golden, 2003) The National Board for Professional Teaching Standards is a non profit organization that has developed a program for an advanced teacher certification. â€Å"The National BoardsRead MoreWhat Is Landscape Architecture and Its Role in Sustainable Development ?3052 Words   |  13 PagesSustainable Development ? 1.0 Introduction Landscape architects plan the most harmonious relationships between the land and the objects on it by proper combination of open space and planting. They may work on parks, gardens, housing projects, school campuses, golf courses, or airports. They begin a project by reviewing the needs and desires of the client. They study the site, mapping such features as the slope of the land, existing structures and the type of soil. They check local building codesRead MoreThe Population Of The Czech Republic2498 Words   |  10 Pagesas well. At birth, there are 1.06 males per female, whereas at ages 65 and over, there are only 0.67 males per female (CIA World Factbook, 2014). Geographic areas (urban, suburban, and rural density and concentration): Prague is the capital of the Czech Republic, and has a population of 1.276 million people. As of 2011, the total urban population of the Czech Republic was 73.4% (CIA World Factbook, 2011). Urbanization has increased at a rate of 0.24% from 2010 to 2015. Migration rates and patterns:Read MoreGun Violence Prevention: Literature Review2208 Words   |  9 Pagespart of gang violence, robberies, burglaries, crimes of passion or spite and so forth. The other major form, which is both quite uncommon but very poignant and affecting when it happens, are school and other mass shootings like Columbine and the very recent Sandy Hook. There have been a decent amount of other school shootings and work shootings, but those are far and away the most notorious. Both were effected by very mentally ill teenagers or young adults that decide to go out in a bloody and perverted

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

The Armenian Genocide And The Ukrainian Genocide - 1225 Words

History is a phenomenon that has the propensity to repeat itself. Genocides have been committed throughout history, even before the term was assembled in 1944 and accepted by the United Nations in 1946 as a crime under international law. According to the United Nations, genocide is defined as â€Å"intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group.† A minimum of twenty-seven genocides have been documented across the world. During the 20th century, the Armenian Genocide and the Ukrainian genocide (Holodomor) transpired. Currently, in the 21st century, the world is witnessing another brutal genocide occurring in Myanmar. A kindred pattern of events is perceived throughout the duration of genocides along with†¦show more content†¦Till this day, Turkey refuses to call this occurrence a genocide, speaking of the Armenian genocide is an offense punishable by imprisonment. In 2010, Prime Minister, Recep Tayyip Erdogan threatened to depor t 170,000 Armenians when a bill was proposed to recognize the Armenian genocide in Turkey. Alongside the 20th century, another devastating genocide that occurred was the Holodomor in Soviet Ukraine from 1932 to 1933. Holodomor translates to â€Å"death by hunger.† Stalin instituted collectivization and raised Ukraine’s grain production quotas to an impossible 44%. He authoritatively mandated that no grain was to be given to the Ukrainians until the regimes quota was met, hence, this led to the starvation of the entire population in Ukraine . By June 1933, 28,000 men, women and children were starving to death each and every day. As the Ukrainians were dying, the Soviet Union was exporting their grain to other countries. This famine was initiated to dehumanize the Ukrainians and counterattack any movement for independence. Anyone caught stealing grain was killed immediately, this lead to people eating dogs, birds, mice and withal resulted into cannibalism . Seven to ten million Ukrainians had perished in the course of one year. Despite having a substantial amount of knowledge of the crisis in Ukraine, the west turned a blind eyeShow MoreRelatedThe First Half Of The Twentieth Century1304 Words   |  6 PagesSidi Mahdi Mardakli The first half of the twentieth century has been the most dreadful, and the most unstable of all time for the humanity. Wars, conflicts, and genocides plagued many parts of the world during that time especially in Europe which became the main battlefield for two major wars. It is certainly the worst period of human kind’s history. Millions lost their lives in what became the deadliest period of humanity. Beyond its dreadful aspect, this period showed how radical nationalism combinedRead MoreSetting The Stage For World War One Essay1961 Words   |  8 PagesGermany, the Ottoman Empire and Russia to seek both economic and personal freedoms—many of whom sought such freedom by relocating as far as North America. Such ethnic groups included the Czechs, Germans, Greek, Hungarians, Poles, Slovaks, Slovenes, Ukrainians, and Jews. Many others came from Britain, Italy, Scandinavia and other various parts of Europe (World War I and Immigration). Because of its few restrictions of European immigrants and its booming economy, the United States saw a great increaseRead MoreThe Imperialist Practices Of The Western World Essay2121 Words   |  9 Pagesethnicity. In the Austrian Empire, there were Germans, Magyars, Italians, and Slavs (Czechs, Slovaks, Croats, and Poles). Russia included, Asians in the eastern part of Siberia, Turks in the southeast, Balts in the northwest, and Slavic Poles and Ukrainians in the west, along with many other ethnicities. France had Basques in the southwest, Bretons in the northwest and Alsatian Germans in the east. Prussia, contained mostly Germans, but areas of the Rhineland had Poles, Danes and Wends, all of whoRead MoreChapter 30 Ap Euro Outline Essay2891 Words   |  12 Pagesof European Jews were only the most dramatic examples of this development. Many moved from the countryside to the cities. Other vast forced movements due to the government caused millions of Germans Hungarians, Poles, Ukrainians, Bulgarians, Serbs, Finns, Chechens, Armenians, Greeks, Turks, Balts, and Bosnian Muslims to be displaced. This forced displacement transformed parts of Europe. Displacement through War: WWII created a huge refugee problem. An estimated 46 million people were displacedRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pageswestern Eurasia. Two-thirds of the westward and eastward migrations out of Europe from 1500 to 1820 were coerced in some form (serfs, indentured servants, military conscripts, and convicts).10 Coercion was more complete for the 1–3 million Poles, Ukrainians, and Russians traded in the Crimean Tartar slave traffic during the seventeenth century. The same was true in the largest migrations of any period before the mid-nineteenth century: the move of 10 million African slaves across the Atlantic and

What People Really Care About Buying - 1730 Words

American society in twenty-first century is centered around the ideology of consumerism. â€Å"Supposedly people had a duty to buy more, even if the events they experienced caused them to focus on personal, family, and political concerns rather than economic ones† (Milner 603). With the age of consumption, there comes a need for social distinction. Social distinction is the desire to be strikingly different from the commonplace. This desire is prevalent throughout society, especially in the youth. Social distinction comes from the possession of the latest and most prominent commodity in fashion and technology. Products from companies such as Apple, Beats by Dre, Nike, and even Disneyland Parks are indications of one s desire to be unique.†¦show more content†¦The advertisement contrasts the different lifestyles of celebrities with each other and consumers, plays the â€Å"Something New† theme song, and variates the colors used to strengthen its argument against the idea of social distinction. Beats by Dre’s advertisement is centered on the idea that each person is as much as an individual as they are connected to one another. In Beats by Dre’s new advertising campaign, the company challenges the notion of social distinction by contrasting celebrities with consumers. It attempts to convince consumers that the Solo2 is a symbol of individuality as much as it is a representation of a connection shared by millions of people across the globe. In the first scene we see Kendall and Kylie Jenner, two famous television personalities and socialites, dancing around a luxurious suite. The only product that can be identified in the scene is the Beats Solo2. Through Kendall and Kylie Jenner, Beats by Dre targets the youth, male and female alike, who are engrossed with pop culture icons. In the next scene we see two teenagers loitering around on a rooftop. The two are having fun on their bikes and listening to music through their Solo2sâ⠂¬â„¢. The normal teenager appeals to the everyday consumer because it gives them someone to relate to. Beats by Dre’s tagline for the Solo2 is, â€Å" The Beats Solo2 is the world’s best-selling headphone. They’re a symbol of individuality as much as they represent a

Research in Developmental Disabilities System †MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Research in Developmental Disabilities System. Answer: Introduction: Health priority is a collective effort of the global and national healthcare facilities to provide equal, adequate and best quality care to the people around them (Kohl et al., 2012). Ensuring this wide health coverage irrespective of other facts helps to achieve the health objectives decided by the World Health Organization as the sustainable development goals. Todays world is interconnected and therefore, public health emergency in one country spreads to another rapidly (Hastings, 2012). Hence, these healthcare emergencies are designated as health priority because when the countrymen are healthy and free from disease, the country benefits (Anderson et al., 2012). Autism is one of the health priorities in Australia and the Australian government is taking important steps to provide necessary care to those affected people so that collective improvement can be achieved. According to data from Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (2017), Autism spectrum disorder is one of the heal th priority area as 1 in every 150 Australian children is affected with autism. Further, it also provides the information that more than 85% of autism affected people are under low socio-economic status (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2017). Therefore, in this assignment, Autism will be discussed as the health priority and will discuss the health determinants and risk factors of this disorder. Further, healthcare promotion strategies for the improved health outcomes will discussed in the context of Australian society. Autism spectrum disorder is a neurological disorder that affects the communication and social interaction skills as well as restricts the individual with repetitive pattern of actions and activities (Castaeda et al., 2015). There are several social determinants of autism spectrum disorder including parents socio-economic status, their education level and to some extent race or ethnicity that affects the improvement of the autistic condition of health (Rivard et al., 2014). Further as discussed in previous section, people in low and middle income countries people do not believe that autism spectrum disease can be treated with pharmacological treatments and therefore they apply mental healthcare interventions which are ineffective in this situation. The risk factor of autism includes genetic and environmental factors (Russell et al., 2012). Further, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, fragile X-syndrome, learning disability, down syndrome, tuberous sclerosis, emotional dysregulat ion are few of the risk factors associated with this disease. Further, this disorders affects the five elements of wellbeing, which are career, social, emotional, physical and community wellbeing (Veenstra-VanderWeele et al., 2012). Within these, emotional wellbeing holds major importance, as due to autistic condition, individual with autism become anxious, conscious and confused as their language disability, learning disability, social understanding of relationships, sensory development and imagination is affected due to this disorder. Therefore, they are not being able to clearly express their emotions and comfort or discomfort affecting their social as well as physical wellbeing (Rivard et al., 2014). Furthermore, due to autism spectrum, affected individuals are unable to make decision regarding their personal hygiene, sexuality, physical changes moreover females affected with autism are not being able to maintain their female health needs. Therefore, their physical, mental and s ocial wellbeing is affected (Veenstra-VanderWeele et al., 2012). According to the governmental data of Australia, in June 2016, there were more than 75,000 children aged from 0 to 15 years affected with autism spectrum disorder. Further, the maximum number of affected children were seen in the age group of 5 to 14 years of age. Further, according to Elsabbagh et al., (2012), the boys are at higher risk as compared to girls in case of autism spectrum disease. Researchers Castaeda et al., (2015), described the occurrence sex ratio 4:1 (male: female) by including 52 girls and 273 boys receiving autism care in their study. Further from the conducted study they identified that there are phonotypical difference between the male and female autism spectrum disorder. Therefore, such difference in sex ratio are been observed in the target population of Autism spectrum disorder. In the framework of wellbeing, individuals affected with autism are more exposed to environmental and social stressors that normal healthy individuals, as these stressors triggers th eir emotional well-being and social relationship affecting their mental health condition (Elsabbagh et al.,2012). In 2014, May, the World Health Organization took a resolution regarding autism that states that the organization will take comprehensive and coordinated efforts to manage the autism spectrum disorder around the world and this resolution was supported by more than 60 countries. According to this resolution the efforts were directed to increase the worlds commitment and engaging respective governments for the advocacy of autism. Further, it decided to create guidelines and frameworks so that nations can create policies and action plans so that addressing autism as a mental health priority becomes easier. Moreover, the organization also helped the associated countries by providing evidences and effective strategies so assessment and treatment and its associated disorders. The strategies and action plans that should be implemented are inducing the communication related to autism in the society so that the taboo of mental healthcare can be minimized. Further, preparing the society for aut ism emergency, increasing their adaptability to environmental change and using positive behavior to support will help to create a situation that will help to promote the autism spectrum in the society (Kumar Preetha, 2012). For this purpose, the 4 action plans should be followed including clarity, consistency, simplicity and continuation. the health promotion program and its team members should be clear about the action plan strategies, target area and the flow of the process, expectations and procedure so that the process becomes easier. Further, the team members should maintain consistency regarding the intervention and approaches and maintain simplicity in description and practical work flow so that associated people can follow the process (Ayo, 2012). Finally, continuous communication and understanding should be maintained throughout the process so that management of such a difficult program becomes easier. Continuous positive support and adaptive skills will help in improving social context about autism and people will contribute to help the affected individuals rapidly (Rivard et al., 2014). For development of a successful and effective health promotion plan, the Ottawa Charter of health promotion related strategies implemented by World Health Organization should be followed (Kumar Preetha, 2012). The WHO driven health promotion plan discusses about five key actions such as building of healthy public policy, creating supporting environment for health, strengthening action of communities related to health, developing personal skills and reorient the health services of the key disorder with three basic strategies including enabling, mediating and advocating (Ayo, 2012). Therefore, through these healthcare policies and strategies, the Ottawa Charter of health promotion describes the health promotion as the positive influential process that affect the health behavior of individuals and communities so that their health can be improved. The health promotional campaign for Autism should also follow the Ottawa charter regarding the health promotion so that by complying with the strategies, influencing society to face the health priority with determination can be achieved (Kumar Preetha, 2012). Further, people can be taught that autism affected individuals deserve pharmacological interventions than mental healthcare treatment as this is a neurological disorder than can be controlled to some extent (Ayo, 2012). Health promotional programs are important aspect to spread the health related literacy in the population and create an awareness in the society so that people can seek healthcare intervention in case of such situation. Autism is a disease that affects maximum of the middle and lower income countries due to the variation in socio-economic status, exposure to environmental stressors and pressure of social constructs (Schulz Nakamoto, 2013). Due to these, the general conceptualization of people has affected as people discriminate the affected individuals as mental patients and do not provide them with their fundamental human rights. Hence, the need of health promotional programs for autism becomes important. According to Obrusnikova and Miccinello (2012), arrangement of health promotional program will help to create a general awareness in the society and a development will be noticed if the society absorbs that positives form the health promotional program. However, Kasari and Smith (2 013) thinks that instead of health promotional programs governments should focus on implementing modern and developed interventions so that autistic condition can be treated, but without a successful health promotional campaign, it is not possible. According to Hinckson et al., (2013), health promotional campaign changes the social norms by challenging the stereotypical thinking of people and enlighten them by changing their views regarding a disorder, that ultimately helps the people affected with the disease (Schulz Nakamoto, 2013). Further, utilizing health promotional program for autism will help the nation to change the mental state of parents by influencing them to use pharmacological interventions for their children instead of mental healthcare treatments. Further, people will come out of their home instead of feeling shameful or conscious regarding their health status and will seek medical assistance for such disorder (Hinckson et al., 2013). While concluding the assignment, it should be mentioned that wellbeing is not just associated with physical health, but social, mental emotional, economic and communication related wellbeing are also a part of health. Health priority is a category, under which global and national healthcare facilities put some healthcare situations that need continuous assessment and help from the government as well as society. In this assignment, discussion about autism was at the center and all the social determinants of autism were discussed with possible risk factors of the disease. Further, the target group of the disease with rationale was discussed and the components of wellbeing it affects was discussed. Further, the strategies and action plan for a successful health promotional program regarding autism spectrum disease was discussed. References Anderson, C., Law, J. K., Daniels, A., Rice, C., Mandell, D. S., Hagopian, L., Law, P. A. (2012). Occurrence and family impact of elopement in children with autism spectrum disorders.Pediatrics,130(5), 870-877. Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2017).Autism in Australia, Autism - Australian Institute of Health and Welfare.Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. Retrieved 29 March 2018, from Ayo, N. (2012). Understanding health promotion in a neoliberal climate and the making of health conscious citizens.Critical public health,22(1), 99-105. Castaeda, H., Holmes, S. M., Madrigal, D. S., Young, M. E. D., Beyeler, N., Quesada, J. (2015). Immigration as a social determinant of health.Annual review of public health,36, 375-392. Elsabbagh, M., Divan, G., Koh, Y. J., Kim, Y. S., Kauchali, S., Marcn, C., ... Yasamy, M. T. (2012). Global prevalence of autism and other pervasive developmental disorders.Autism Research,5(3), 160-179. Hastings, G. (2012). Why corporate power is a public health priority.bmj,345, e5124. Hinckson, E. A., Dickinson, A., Water, T., Sands, M., Penman, L. (2013). Physical activity, dietary habits and overall health in overweight and obese children and youth with intellectual disability or autism.Research in developmental disabilities,34(4), 1170-1178. Kasari, C., Smith, T. (2013). Interventions in schools for children with autism spectrum disorder: Methods and recommendations.Autism,17(3), 254-267. Kohl 3rd, H. W., Craig, C. L., Lambert, E. V., Inoue, S., Alkandari, J. R., Leetongin, G., ... Lancet Physical Activity Series Working Group. (2012). The pandemic of physical inactivity: global action for public health.The Lancet,380(9838), 294-305. Kumar, S., Preetha, G. S. (2012). Health promotion: an effective tool for global health.Indian journal of community medicine: official publication of Indian Association of Preventive Social Medicine,37(1), 5. Obrusnikova, I., Miccinello, D. L. (2012). Parent perceptions of factors influencing after-school physical activity of children with autism spectrum disorders.Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly,29(1), 63-80. Rivard, M., Terroux, A., Parent-Boursier, C., Mercier, C. (2014). Determinants of stress in parents of children with autism spectrum disorders.Journal of autism and developmental disorders,44(7), 1609-1620. Russell, G., Kelly, S. E., Ford, T., Steer, C. (2012). Diagnosis as a social determinant: The development of prosocial behaviour before and after an autism spectrum diagnosis.Social science medicine,75(9), 1642-1649. Schulz, P. J., Nakamoto, K. (2013). Health literacy and patient empowerment in health communication: the importance of separating conjoined twins.Patient education and counseling,90(1), 4-11. Veenstra-VanderWeele, J., Muller, C. L., Iwamoto, H., Sauer, J. E., Owens, W. A., Shah, C. R., ... Ye, R. (2012). Autism gene variant causes hyperserotonemia, serotonin receptor hypersensitivity, social impairment and repetitive behavior.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,109(14), 5469-5474. World Health Organization. (2017).Autism spectrum disorders.World Health Organization. Retrieved 27 March 2018, from